Measuring Progress

Transparent Reporting on Government's Progress


Target: To reduce recidivism rates by three percentage points over five years

How we are doing now




Conditional Sentence*







Open Custody*


Secure Custody*


Deferred Custody*


* – Measures flagged with asterisk fluctuate considerably each quarter

Adult Recidivism

Youth Recidivism

Individuals sentenced for criminal convictions have varying risk levels and receive different kinds of sentences
depending on their record and the severity of the offence and the strength of the case against them. For this
reason, Justice tracks seven different recidivism rates, three for adults and four for youth, according to the types
of sentences imposed.

Some sentence types (non‐probation sentences for Youth, and conditional sentences for Adults) show
considerable variation in their recidivism rates from quarter to quarter, which makes it difficult to identify up‐ or
downward trends in these measures. For measures where trends are easier to discern:

  • For youth following a probation sentence, recidivism rates decreased by 9% after having been consistent around 17-19% in the last three quarters.
  • For adults following a probation sentence, the recidivism rate decreased in the last quarter, from 14% to 10%.
  • For adults following a custody sentence, the recidivism rate has been successfully below target, at the range of 21-23% in the previous four quarters.

Data Source

These measures are provided by Manitoba Justice’s community safety division using data from their Corrections
Offender Management system.

There is no global standardized definition or method of calculating recidivism, the rate at which people become
re‐involved in criminal activity or re‐convicted of a crime. Manitoba Justice gathers recidivism data quarterly,
which means our calculation counts the number of people whose sentences expired two years earlier and were
re‐convicted in the three‐month time period we are looking at. When reviewing quarterly data, it is important to
note that one individual could be re‐convicted more than once over the two years since they were first released
from jail or supervision, so a single person may be included in multiple quarterly reports. However, we do not
believe that this occurs often enough to meaningfully affect the overall results. Other jurisdictions use different
criteria, so their recidivism rate will look different from ours.

Why This Matters

Lowering recidivism rates means the system is succeeding in rehabilitating offenders, which means less crime in
our communities and that offenders are increasingly able to live more fulfilled lives.

Next steps

Manitoba’s Criminal Justice System Modernization Strategy (CJSM) contains a number of elements designed to
reduce recidivism.

Strategies aimed generally at crime prevention, by focusing on community mobilization, collaboration with police,
and mental health and addictions, will also help to reduce crimes committed by individuals with previous
involvement in the justice system. Timely disposition of criminal matters also helps accused individuals enter
rehabilitative programming earlier and for longer periods. The Responsible Reintegration Initiative ensures that
individuals released from custody have a plan and resources in place to assist with successful reintegration into
society and reducing the risk of further criminal involvement.

Other related links

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