Transparent Reporting on Government's Progress
Target: To have fewer than 2,200 serious crimes enter the criminal justice system every quarter
Overall, the number of serious crimes entering Manitoba’s criminal justice system has been decreasing over the last two years.
This can vary based on total amount of crime occurring in the community, related police investigations and whether alternatives to the criminal justice system are appropriate. There are many underlying causes that contribute to serious crime, meaning responsibility for improving this measure is shared across government.
For this measure, data on all new charges making their first appearance in court each quarter are extracted from Manitoba’s Provincial Court information system. We categorize charges into eight severity levels, based on the classifications used by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.
The five most common types of serious charges in 2018-19 were: possess firearm, explosive or other prohibited weapon contrary to order (1,448 charges), break & enter (1,426), robbery (1,084), sexual assault (961) and aggravated assault (570). The most serious charges included in 2018-19 were: 1st degree murder (15), 2nd degree murder (38), attempted murder (32) and manslaughter (28).
Around 90,000 to 100,000 charges are laid each year in Manitoba. Therefore, serious charges represent about 10 percent of all charges in our system.
Note that this measure only reflects criminal offences where a charge is laid and does not reflect all crime occurring in the community. This measure was chosen because the data is available from a single system on a timely basis.
Crime directly impacts the quality of life in Manitoba, the safety of residents and the attractiveness to people and companies considering making Manitoba their home.
The Criminal Justice System Modernization Strategy addresses crime prevention through:
Initiatives designed to ensure timely justice also mean that accused individuals will start to access rehabilitative programming sooner. The Responsible Reintegration Initiative helps to ensure that individuals released from custody have proper supports and a plan to help them re-integrate into society.
Prior to individuals ever committing a crime, a full range of government services, from health and education to employment and income assistance, housing and family services exist to support individuals and improve overall life outcomes, including reduced risk of criminal involvement.
Manitoba Justice is also working to make better use of data to understand risk factors for criminal involvement, particularly for youth, women, and Indigenous peoples. This practice will inform future policy initiatives to reduce criminal involvement by targeting specific risk factors in a collaborative, whole-of-government approach.