Transparent Reporting on Government's Progress
Target: Exceed the provincial target of 99.5% renewable electricity generation
Manitoba enjoys one of Canada’s most clean electricity grids – over 99 per cent of electricity generation comes from renewable sources, including:
Manitoba is constructing the Keeyask generating station, which will add 695 megawatts (MW) of renewable electricity capacity in the province by 2021, with its first generator expected to go into service in October 2020.
Manitoba Hydro also purchases power from other non-utility generators in the province. Aside from the existing wind purchase from the two wind farms in the province (120 MW wind farm in St. Leon and 138 MW wind farm in St. Joseph), in late 2018, Manitoba Hydro executed a solar power purchase agreement with Fisher River Cree Nation for a 20-year term. The solar capacity is approximately one megawatt and is expected to generate one gigawatt-hour annually, enough to power 400 homes. Manitoba currently has approximately 20 megawatts of installed solar capacity, with almost all of the installations less than 200 kilowatts.
The percentage of total annual electricity generation in Manitoba from renewable sources (excluding off-grid generation) is computed from data compiled by Statistics Canada. This can be obtained by calculating the percentage share of total electricity generated from renewable sources, over the total of electricity generated in the province.
Over the last five years, an annual average of 99.5 per cent of electricity was generated from renewable electricity sources in Manitoba (in the range of 99.3 per cent to 99.7 per cent). An annual average percentage of renewable electricity generation (99.5 per cent) is set as the target of this measure.
Statistics Canada reports monthly electricity generation by source type on a monthly basis, for Canada and each province and territory. The data is published approximately two months following the generation month (e.g., generation for the month of January will be published in April). Statistic Canada publishes total generation and by type (wind, hydro, solar, etc.). The agency has not published conventional steam and internal combustion turbine generation for Manitoba since 2015, but the total generation appears to include such generation.
Manitoba Hydro publishes electricity generation information for each fiscal year in its annual report, which is released in spring/summer following the fiscal year, approximately 4 to 5 months after the 12-month (annual) renewable electricity generation report is complete in Statistics Canada. Manitoba Hydro reports less detailed information than Statistics Canada (namely it reports GWh to one decimal place, while Statistics Canada reports to MWh).
Neither Statistics Canada nor Manitoba Hydro publish off-grid generation data, which accounts for a proportionally small contribution in the province.
Manitoba’s past and current investments in hydro-generated electricity gives the province very low green house gas (GHG) emissions, compared to the rest of Canada (Prince Edward Island has very little domestically-generated electricity). Manitoba already generates over 99 per cent of its electricity needs from renewable hydro and wind sources.
The Climate and Green Plan vision is to become the cleanest, greenest and most climate-resilient province. This includes mitigating GHG emissions. Renewable energy generation in Manitoba, through clean Hydroelectricity, wind and solar generation, reduces GHG emissions and improves air quality and public health locally and outside the province as it displaces fossil fuel-based generation.
Reliable and low-cost electricity can also support economic growth.
The development of energy policy in Manitoba falls under The Energy Act, which is the responsibility of the Minister of Conservation and Climate. This includes developing, planning and coordinating policy matters relating to the province’s energy sector, including electricity.